SOIL & AGRICULTURE
Soil is a key player in our ecosystem. However with the discovery of chemical fertilizers after world war II and with the introduction of pesticides, soil has been “degraded” to something considered less important. On many industrial farms (as the one in the picture) soil is only considered a medium to hold the crops in place. In reality soil provides several crucial ecosystem services. In one handful of soil there are more organisms than there are people on this planet. Soil stores carbon, holds water and circulates nutrients for healthy plant growth. If we deplete the soil, these ecosystem services will no longer be provided and the future generations will be in trouble. Unfortunately we are depleting the soil on a massive scale worldwide. In the last 150 years we have lost more than half of our topsoil.
I have found that there are alternatives. There are solutions out there for how to heal the soil rather than deplete it. Farmers are demonstrating that they can produce large amounts of healthy food without polluting the environment and without leaving the soil in a worse condition than they recieved it. It is perfectly possible to produce enough food for the population without the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Some farmers are building soil year by year, sequestering and storing carbon in their soil. It is a fact, – regenerative farming is a solution to climate change. It is a matter of working with nature and not against it.